Mesmerizing Gold Jewelry From Queen Nefertiti’s Time Identified in Cyprus

A precious-gem-studded “lotus flower” pendant identical to one particular worn by historic Egypt’s Queen Nefertiti has been unearthed in a set of tombs in Cyprus.

The pendant is one particular of hundreds of opulent grave goods from about the Mediterranean area that have been uncovered at the web site, such as gemstones, ceramics and jewelry.

 

Archaeologists from the New Swedish Cyprus Expedition very first unearthed the two Bronze Age tombs, both underground chambers, in the historic city of Hala Sultan Tekke in 2018.

One hundred and fifty 5 human stays and 500 funerary items had been identified in the tombs, put in layers on best of a single a further, suggesting that the burial chambers were being made use of more than a number of generations.

The lotus-formed pendant. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

“The finds suggest that these are household tombs for the ruling elite in the city,” excavation chief Peter Fischer, professor emeritus of historical scientific tests at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, stated in a statement.

“For instance, we identified the skeleton of a 5-year-old with a gold necklace, gold earrings and a gold tiara. This was most likely a child of a effective and wealthy spouse and children.”

GoldenNecklaceForAChildThe kid’s necklace. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

Similar: In pictures: The existence and dying of King Tut

The grave items include jewelry and other keepsakes made of goldsilver, bronze and ivory, as well as vessels from a variety of cultures.

“We also observed a ceramic bull,” Fischer said. “The overall body of this hollow bull has two openings: just one on the again to fill it with a liquid, probable wine, and one at the nose to drink from. Seemingly, they experienced feasts in the chamber to honor their useless.”

 

In the meantime, other grave goods bundled a pink carnelian gemstone from India, a blue lapis lazuli gemstone from Afghanistan and amber from all around the Baltic Sea – valuables indicating that Bronze Age folks in Cyprus took portion in a extensive buying and selling community.

Archaeologists also located proof of trade with historic Egypt, such as gold jewelry, scarabs (beetle-formed amulets sporting hieroglyphs) and the remains of fish imported from the Nile Valley, in accordance to the statement.

The archaeological crew dated the gold jewelry by evaluating it with very similar finds from Egypt. “The comparisons present that most of the objects are from the time of Nefertiti and her partner Echnaton [also spelled Akhenaten, the father of King Tutankhamun]”, close to 1350 BCE, Fischer explained.

“Like a gold pendant we observed: a lotus flower with inlaid gemstones. Nefertiti wore identical jewelry.”

The excavation staff also uncovered a cylinder-formed seal crafted from hematite, a mineral with a metallic hue. The seal bears a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (present day-day Iraq) that archaeologists deciphered.

CylinderShapedHematiteSealThe hematite seal (l) a scarab with hieroglyphs. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

“The text is composed of three traces and mentions a few names. 1 is Amurru, a god worshiped in Mesopotamia. The other two are historical kings, father and son, who we recently succeeded in tracking down in other texts on clay tablets from the identical period, i.e., the 18th century BCE,” Fischer reported.

“We are now striving to establish why the seal finished up in Cyprus, more than 1,000 kilometers [620 miles] from the place it was manufactured.”

 

An evaluation of the ceramic wares in the tombs confirmed that the kinds in which they were being crafted improved over time, which also assisted date the results, Fischer claimed. 

Future, the archaeologists plan to examine the DNA of the skeletons interred in the tombs. “This will reveal how the distinct persons are similar with every single other and if there are immigrants from other cultures, which isn’t really not likely looking at the vast trade networks,” Fischer stated.

Linked written content:

In photos: Early Bronze Age chariot burial 

Shots: Historic burial of elite members of nomadic tribe 

Graphic gallery: Historical treasure trove found out in Russia 

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